OGP Introduction

Open Government Partnership, an organization of reformers inside and outside of government, working to transform how government serves its citizens.

In 2011, government leaders and civil society advocates came together to create a unique partnership—one that combines these powerful forces to promote accountable, responsive and inclusive governance.

Seventy-nine countries and a growing number of local governments—representing more than two billion people—along with thousands of civil society organizations are members of the Open Government Partnership (OGP).

Objective 

OGP provides a platform for reformers inside and outside of governments around the world to develop initiatives that promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption and harness new technologies to strengthen governance.

Vision

OGP’s vision is that more governments become sustainably more transparent, more accountable, and more responsive to their own citizens, with the ultimate goal of improving the quality of governance, as well as the quality of services that citizens receive.

Requirements for Membership in the Open Government Partnership

The process for joining the Open Government Partnership (OGP) is outlined below. 

The first step towards full OGP participation is meeting the Core Eligibility criteria and successfully passing the OGP Values Check assessment. Core Eligibility measures a government’s performance across four key areas of open government (Fiscal Transparency, Access to Information, Public Officials Asset Disclosure, and Citizen Engagement). The OGP Values Check is an effort to ensure that new countries joining OGP adhere to the democratic governance norms and values set forth in the Open Government Declaration, and only applies to government that are yet to join OGP.

Countries can earn a total of 16 points for their performance in these four metrics, or 12 points if the country is not assessed in one of the metrics. Countries that earn 75% of the applicable points (either 12 out of 16 or 9 out of 12) or more are considered to meet the Core Eligibility criteria.

Obligations of OGP Member Countries

Governments must establish eligibility; sign the Open Government Declaration and a letter of intent. 

First: Establishment of the Open Government Partnership Forum: After obtaining membership, member states are obliged to establish the OGP forum, which includes representatives of government, private sector, civil society organizations, and academic institutions. According to the OGP principles, membership should include equal numbers of government and non-governmental representatives. The overall role of the forum is to develop, implement, and monitor the “National Action Plan”.

Second: Developing and implementing of the National Action Plan: The National Action Plan should be designed to increase transparency, accountability and the participation of the citizens in developing public policies. The National Action Plan is prepared for a two-year term and usually encompasses 5 – 15 commitments. According to the Open Government Partnership guidelines, the National Action Plan shall be ratified in a democratic manner by the forum. Once finalized, the National Action Plan is put forth for approval by the country’s cabinet and then implemented.

Third: Evaluation Methods: The OGP guidelines require that two types of evaluations be carried out in the implementation of the National Action Plan.

  1. Self-assessment: Governments will need to complete an end of term Self-Assessment Report for each action plan upon completion of the two-year cycle. Governments will also be responsible for maintaining and regularly updating regularly an online repository with information and evidence about key co-creation processes and commitment completion.
  2. Independent Assessment: The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) will produce two reports during the two-year action plan cycle. Between May and July of the year following action plan submission, the IRM will deliver a Design Report. This report includes an assessment of the co-creation process, action plan scope, and commitment design. Nine months after the end of the action plan implementation cycle, the IRM will deliver an Implementation Report. This report focuses on the progress and results achieved during the two-year implementation period of the action plan.